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浅析GPS技术在国土空间规划的运用

FABUYU2019-12-25 16:59:58 | LAIYUAN:【SICHUANYIKEKEJIYOUXIANGONGSI】

     SUIZHEWOGUOSHEHUIJINGJIBUDUANFAZHAN,DANGJINCHENGSHIJIANSHEYEJINRUDAOKUAISUFAZHANJIEDUAN,ZHEIYEDUIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAGONGZUOTICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU。GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUADUICELIANGJINGDUYAOQIUFEICHANGGAO,ZHEIJIUYAOCHONGFENLIYONGXIANJINJISHUBAOZHENGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAJINGDU。GPSZUOWEIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEHEXINJISHUZHIYI,KEYIYOUXIAOTISHENGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAXIAOLVHEJINGDU。JIYUCI,BENWENSHOUXIANTICHUGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAHANYI,FENXIGUOTUGUIHUARENWU,ZUIHOUTANJIUGPSZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEYINGYONG。 

  TUDIZUOWEIRENLEISHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEJICHUZIYUAN,TUDIZIYUANLIYONGLV、FUGAILVBUJINHUIYINGXIANGSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANJINCHENG,HAIHUIYINGXIANGGUONEIHUANJINGBIANHUA。TUDILIYONGMEINIANDOUZAIBIANHUA,ZHEIYANGCAINENGGOUMANZURENLEIJINGJIFAZHANXUQIU,ZAITUDIZIYUANDIAOPEIDANGZHONG,KEYIJIANJIEFANYINGRENLEISHENGCHAN、SHENGHUODEFAZHANQUSHI,ZHEIYETUCHULEGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUADEZHONGYAOXING。CELIANGZUOWEIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUADEZHONGYAOGONGZUOZHIYI,CELIANGJIEGUOSHIFOUJINGZHUNHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUASHUIPING,SHENZHISHIGUOJIAJINGJIFAZHAN。YINCI,WOMENBIXUYAOQUANMIANQUEBAOGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHILIANG,JIJIYINGYONGXIANJINJISHU,RUGPS、RSDENG,BAOZHENGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAJINGDUHEZHILIANG。 

  1.XIANGGUANGAINIANCHANSHU 

  1.1GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUA 

  GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUASHIZHIHELIBAOHU、YOUXIAOLIYONGKONGJIANZIYUAN,JIAQIANGTUDI、HAIYANG、SHENGTAIDENGKONGJIANZIYUANYIJIKONGJIANYAOSUDETONGCHOU、YOUHUA,SHIXIANTISHENGKONGJIANLIYONGLV、KONGJIANQUANLIPINGHENGDEMUBIAO。ZAICIJICHUSHANGJIJITANSUO“DUOGUIRONGHE”MOSHIXIAGUIHUABIANZHI、SHISHI、GUANLI、JIANDUDENGJIZHI。WOGUODEGUOJIAKONGJIANGUIHUATIXIZHUYAOBAOKUOGUO、SHENG、SHIXIANSANGECENGMIAN。 

  GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUASHIWANSHANSHICHANGJINGJITIXI、QIANGHUAHONGGUANDIAOKONGDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,GUOJIAGEGEBUMENZHIJIAN、GUOJIAYUDIFANGZHIJIANLIYIYAOTONGYIXIEDIAO。YITUIDONGJINGJIFAZHANZHANLVEWEIMUBIAO,GEBUMENJIEHEZIRAN、XUEKEDENGTIAOJIAN,CONGERSHIXIANGUOJIAJINGJI、GUOTUDELIYONGKAIFA,ZHANKAIQUANFANGWEIGUIHUA,ZHEIDUIGUOJIAJICHUJIANSHEZONGTIBUJU、ZIYUANLIYONGKAIFA、HUANJINGZONGHEZHENGZHIGONGZUOKAIZHANYOUZHEZHONGYAOYIYI,YESHIWEILAIKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIJU。 

  1.2GPSJISHU 

  GPSJISHUYEJIUSHIQUANQIUDINGWEIXITONG,KEYIWEIHAILUKONGSANDALINGYUTIGONGSHISHIDEXINXI,JUYOUQUANTIANHOU、QUANQIUXING、SHISHIXINGDENGTEDIAN,KEYISOUJI、JIANCEDIMIANXINXI。GPSJISHUDEYINGYONGQIANJINGSHIFENGUANGFAN,CHULEKEYITIGONGDAOHANGDINGWEIFUWUWAI,HAIKEYIYONGYUDIXINGCEHUI、GUOJIECEDING、SHANTICEGAO、BANKUAICELIANG、DIQIAOYUNDONGDENGDENG。ZAIGPSJISHUJICHUZHISHANG,HAIYANSHENGCHULEGPS-RTKJISHU,SHIYIZHONGJIYUZAIBOXIANGWEIGUANCEZHISHISHIDONGTAIDINGWEIJISHU。GAIXIANGJISHUKEYISHIXIANSHISHIDINGWEI、cmJIBIEDINGWEIJINGDU、SHIYONGXIAOLVGAO、ZUOYESHIJIANDUANDENGYOUSHI,YIJINGZAIZIYUANDIAOCHA、KONGJIANGUIHUADENGLINGYUDEDAOLEGUANGFANYINGYONG。 

  2.GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUADERENWUFENXI 

  JIAQIANGGUOTUKONGJIANTONGCHOUGUIHUA,QUANMIANTUIDONGNONGYONGDIZHENGZHIXIAOLVHEFAZHANJINCHENG,YIGAISHANNONGCUNSHENGCHANTIAOJIANWEIQIANTI,QIANGHUANONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDIZHENGZHI,TIGAOTUDILIYONGLV,YIJIYUE、JIEYUETUDIWEIZHONGDIANFAZHANFANGXIANG。QUANMIANTUIDONGCHENGZHENGONGKUANGJIANSHEYONGDIZHENGZHIGONGZUO,DIAOJIE、YOUHUASHENGCHANQUNLUO,YIHELILIYONGTUDI、GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGWEIHEXIN,JIAKUAITUDIFUKENGONGZUO。ZAIZHE,JIANLIJIANQUANXIANGGUANZHIDUTIXI,QUEBAOTUDIGUIHUABIAOZHUNDEYISHISHI。 

  3.GPSJISHUZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEYINGYONG 

  3.1YUNXINGYUANLI 

  GPSJISHUZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGYINGYONGSHIFENGUANGFAN,KEYISHIXIANGUOTUZIYUANDESHISHIJIANKONG、QUANTIANHOUJIANKONG。GPSCELIANGXITONGZHONGHANYOUYIGEJIZHUNZHAN、DUOGELIUDONGZHAN、SHUJUCHULISANGEXITONGMOKUAIGOUCHENG。LIUDONGZHAN、JIZHUNZHANTONGGUOWUXIANJISHULIANJIE,TONGSHIHUOQUYIGESHIDUANWEIXINGFACHUDEXINHAO。ZAISHIGONGGPSJINXINGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUASHI,JIZHUNZHANHUIJIESHOUWEIXINGXINHAO,BINGXIAOZHENGJIZHUNZHANXINXI,JIANGXIAOZHENGZHIHOUXINXICHUANSHUJILIUDONGZHAN。LIUDONGZHANZAIHUOQUWEIXINGXINHAOZHIHOULIJIFANKUIXINXI,JIESHOUDAOXINXILIUDONGZHANCHUSHIHUAGONGZUOHOU,KONGZHIQIGENJUSUOFANKUIDEXINHAOXINXIJISUANLIUDONGZHANZUOBIAO,BINGGOUCHENGSANWEIZUOBIAOTIXISHIXIANGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAYUCELIANG。 

  3.2 GPSZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEYINGYONGLIUCHENG 

  ZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHENGLIZHUANXIANGCAILIAOSHIBUTONGBILIDIXINGTU、SANWEIZUOBIAO。YOUYUSHUJUGENGXINSUDUJIAOMAN,WUFAHENHAODEFANYINGGUOTUGUIHUA、LIYONGQINGKUANG,DAOZHIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUACHENGGUONANYIZHUANHUA。ZAIKEXUEJISHUBUDUANFAZHANZHONG,WANQUANKEYIYINGYONGGPS、GPS-RTKJISHUCELIANG,KEYISHISHIFANYINGCHUGUOTUKONGJIANDESHIJIZHUANGKUANG。 

  (1)SHUJUHUOQU 

  ZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGYAOYINGYONGDALIANGDESHUJUXINXI,JIEHEGPSJISHUKEYITONGGUOSANJIAOGAOCHENGCEDIXINGTU、SHEYINGCELIANG、YAOGANDENGFANGFAKEYISHOUJIWANZHENGGUOTUSHUJU。TEBIESHIZAIYIXIETESHUQUYU,GPSJISHUKEYIDAPOSHIJIAN、KONGJIANDEXIANSHI,HUOQUXIANGGUANGUOTUKONGJIANXINXI,YOUXIAOTISHENGLECELIANGXIAOLV、JIANGDILECELIANGCHENGBEN。 

  (2)JIZHUNDIANXIAOHE 

  YINGYONGGPSJISHUKEYIRANGGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAGENGJIALINGHUO,TONGGUODIAOZHENGJIZHUNDIANJIKEWANCHENGYIGEQUYUDECELIANG,YIMOUGEJIZHUNDIANZUOWEIZHONGXINDIAN,BINGZAIZHOUWEIHUOQITAXIANGLINQUYUJIASHETIANXIAN,TONGGUOWUXIANJISHUHUOGPSJISHULIANJIELIUDONGZHAN,4GEJIZHUNDIANZUOWEILIUDONGZHANXIAOHEDIAN,BAOZHENGLIUDONGZHANYUNXINGJINGDU。ZAICAIJISHUJUQIANXUYAODUISANWEIZUOBIAOJINXINGXIAOHEHEZHUANHUAN,MEIGEXIAOHEDIANCAIYONGSANJIAOJIAGUDINGLIUDONGZHAN,ZHIHOUCAIJIXIANGGUANSHUJU,BAOKUOCELIANGKONGJIANDESANWEIZUOBIAO、HUIZHITUXING、DIANWEIFANGYANGDENG。 

  (3)CELIANGYUGUIHUA 

  TONGGUOSHANGSHUGONGXUWANCHENGZHIHOU,JIKETONGGUOGPSDUIMUBIAOTUDIJINXINGCELIANG,LIUDONGZHANXIANGWEIXINGFANKUIXINXI,BINGXINGCHENGGUOTUKONGJIANTUXIANG,TUXIANGNEIRONGHAIHUIGENJUGUOTUZIYUANBIANHUAERSHISHIDIAOZHENG。TONGGUOGPSYUSHUJUKUXINXIJIEHE,JIKECHENGXIANCHUGUOTUKONGJIANKANCEDINGJIECELIANGYIJITUDIZHENGSHOUSHUJUGUANLI,BAOZHENGWAIYEHENEIYEDEYIZHIXING,ZIDONGHUACHULINEIYESHUJU,QUEBAOSHUJUTONGJIJINGZHUNXING、CHAXUNBIANJIEXING。WANCHENGCELIANGHOUJIKEGENJUXINXITUXIANGZHANKAIGUIHUAGONGZUO,JIEHENONGYEQU、GONGYEQUYIJICHENGSHI、CHENGZHONGCUN、NONGCUNDENGFENBUXIANZHUANGYIJIGUIHUAYAOQIU,YOUHUAGUIHUAMEIGEQUYUKONGJIANDEWEILAIGUIHUAYUFAZHANRENWU,CONGERSHIXIANGUIHUAMUBIAO。 

  (4)TUXIANGHUOQUYUZENGQIANG 

   GPSJIEHEYAOGANYINGXIANGJISHU(RS)KEYICHENGXIANCHUGENGJIAQINGXIDEGUOTUKONGJIANZIYUAN,YINGYONGDUOSHIXIANG、DUOPINGTAI、GAOFENBIANLVDEYAOGANSHUJU。GPSHUOQUGUOTUKONGJIANDINGWEIXINXI,RSJISHUYUKONGJIANXINXIJIEHEKEYIGENGHAODEBIAODACHUDIWUSHUXING,WEIHOUXUGUIHUAPANDUANGONGZUOTIGONGCANKAOSHUJU。YAOGANYINGXIANGKEYIFENWEIDUOGUANGPUYAOGANYINGXIANG、WEIXINGYAOGANYINGXIANG、DUOBODUANWEIXINGYAOGANYINGXIANG、GAOFENBIANLVWEIXINGYAOGANYINGXIANGDENG,KEYIGENJUBUTONGXUQIUXUANZEXIANGYINGDEYAOGANYINGXIANG,KEYIYEDUIYIGEDIQUDUOSHIDUANYAOGANYINGXIANGRONGHE,ZHEIYANGJIKEZAIDIWUXINXIBUBIANQINGKUANGXIAHUODEGENGJIAFENGFUXINXIDEWEIXINGTUXIANG。 

  3.3 GPSZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONGDEYINGYONGYOUSHI 

  (1)XIANGBICHUANTONGTUDIKONGJIANGUIHUAFANGANLAISHUO,GPSGUANCEDIANBUXUYAOTONGSHI,KEYIYOUXIAOTISHENGCELIANGXIAOLV。ZAIKEYIBAOZHENGJIZHUNZHANSHEZHIJINGDUDEJICHUSHANG,NENGGOUWANCHENGDAMIANJIQUYUCELIANG。 

  (2)ZIDONGHUACHENGDUGAO,TISHENGCAOZUOBIANJIEXING。ZAIKONGZHIQICHUSHIHUAHOU,HUIDUICELIANGKONGJIANDEZUOBIAOJINXINGXIAOHE,GENJUTUDIKONGJIANGUIHUASHIJIXUQIUZIZHUSHEZHICELIANGDIANCEDINGSHIJIAN,TONGCHANGYIGERENJIKEKONGZHIYIGELIUDONGZHAN,ZAIDUANDUANJIMIAOZHONGSHIJIANHUOQUSANWEIZUOBIAO。JIANGSUOCELIANGDESHUJUXINXITONGGUOWUXIANWANGLUOZHIJIECHUANSHUDAOJISUANJISHANG,ZHIHOUDUICAIJI、CHULIHOUDESHUJUXINXICHULIHECUNCHU。 

  (3)JINGDUGAO,LEIJIXIAOCHUWUCHA。ZAIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAZHONG,KAOLVDAOWOGUODIXINGFUZADUOYANG,BINGQIECELIANGJINGDUYAOQIUBUTONG,YINGYONGGPS-RTKDONGTAICELIANGFANGFA,KEYIGENGHAODEHUOQUCELIANGQUYUTUDIKONGJIANBIANHUA。ZAICELIANGDANGZHONGWUXUDIANDUIDIANHUXIANGTONGSHI,YOUXIAOJIANGDILELEIJIWUCHAWENTI,QUEBAOCELIANGJINGDU。 

  JIESHUYU 

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,CELIANGZUOWEIGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUADEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,QIZHONGGPSFAHUILEJIDADEZUOYONG,BUJINNENGGOUJINYIBUTISHENGCELIANGXIAOLVHECELIANGJINGDU,TONGSHIHAIKEYIJIANGDIGUOTUKONGJIANCELIANGYUGUIHUADECHENGBEN,BINGQIEYINGYONGGPS-RTKJISHUKEYIJIANGCELIANGWUCHASUOXIAODAOcmJIBIE,QUEBAOCAIJIXINXIFUHEGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUABIAOZHUN,BINGJIANGCELIANGSHUJUCUNCHUDAOSHUJUKUDANGZHONG,WEIHOUXUGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAGONGZUOTIGONGSHUJUZHICHI。 

 

 

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