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工程测绘中的GPS测绘技术分析

FABUYU2020-11-11 15:59:07 | LAIYUAN:【SICHUANYIKEKEJIYOUXIANGONGSI】

     SUIZHECHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGDEBUDUANJIAKUAI,GEZHONGJIANSHEXIANGMUBUDUANZENGJIA,ZHIYOUBAOZHENGGONGCHENGJIANSHEANQUAN,CAINENGTUIDONGCHENGSHIFAZHAN。GONGCHENGCEHUIJINGZHUNCHENGDUJUEDINGLEGONGCHENGDEANQUANXINGYUWENDINGXING,CHUANTONGCEHUIJISHUZHUYAOYIKAORENGONGLAIWANCHENG,WANGWANGHUICHUXIANYIXIEWUCHA。XIANDAIJISHUDECHUANGXINFAZHAN,TUIDONGLEGPSJISHUMINYONGLICHENG,KEYISHUO,GPSJISHUZAIHENDUOLINGYUDOUYIJINGZAIFAHUILEZUOYONG,QUANMIANDESHENRUDAORENMENSHENGHUOSHENGCHANGEGECENGMIAN,GONGCHENGCEHUIYELIBUKAIGPSDEYINGYONG。WENZHANGTONGGUOGPSJISHUZHONGYAOXINGCHANSHU,QUANMIANFENXILEGONGCHENGCEHUIZHONGGPSYINGYONG。

  XIANDAIJISHUBUDUANFAZHAN,DAIDONGLESHEHUIYUJINGJIDEQUANMIANJINBU,ZAIGEZHONGXINJISHUYINLINGXIA,RENMENDESHENGHUOFASHENGLEZHIDEBIANHUA,XINJISHUYIJINGJIANJIANZOUJINRENMENSHENGHUOGEGELINGYU,ZHANLINGRENMENDESHENGHUOGEGEFANGMIAN。GPSJISHUSHIDANGQIANYINGYONGPINLVZUIGAODEYIGECIYU,DANGQIAN,RENMENDECHUXINGLUXIANDINGWEI,SHIYONGDEXITONGJIUSHIGPSDINGWEIXITONG,JIRENMENDESHENGHUODAILAILEJUDADEBIANLI。GPSZUIZAOYINGYONGZAIGEGUODEJUNSHILINGYU,WEIJUNSHIDINGWEITIGONGLECHONGFENDECANKAO,BAOZHENGLEGUOFANGSHIYEFAZHAN,SUIZHEJISHUDEKAIFANG,MENJIANDEJIANGDI,GPSZAIMINYONGLINGYUYESHIXIANLEBUFENKAIFANG,ZAIHENDUOLINGYUDEDAOLEKAIFAYULIYONG,WEISHEHUIFAZHANYUJIANSHETIGONGQIANGDATUIDONGLI。GPSZHUYAOBAOKUORUANJIANBUFENHEYINGJIANBUFENLIANGDABUFEN,RUANJIANZHUYAOSHIGENJUGEZISHIYONGLINGYUDEBUTONG,ZAIJISUANJIBIANCHENGJISHUZHICHENGXIA,XINGCHENGDEGEZHONGRUANJIAN,YIXINGYEYEWUWEIGENJUSHEJICHUBUTONGDEBIANCHENGJISUANFANGSHI,ANZHAOBUTONGTUXINGJIEGOUDESHEDING,XINGCHENGZHIGUANDEKESHIYINGXIANG,MANZUGEXINGYEXUQIU;YINGJIANZESHILIYONGLEHUANRAODIQIUYUNXINGDETONGXINWEIXINGJIDIMIANXINHAOJIESHOUZHUANGZHIGOUCHENG,BULUNSHIYINGJIANHAISHIRUANJIAN,JUNSHIZUCHENGGPSDEZHONGYAOBUFEN,YINGJIANYURUANJIANQUEYIBUKE,ZHIYOUERZHEXIANGHUZUOYONG,XIANGHUXIEDIAO,CAINENGWANCHENGSHUJUDESHOUJIYUTIQUFENXI。GPSJISHUZUIWEIHEXINDEJIUSHIWEIXINGWUXIANDIANDAOHANGDINGWEIXITONG,TONGGUOWEIXINGDUIYONGHUQUYUJINXINGSAOMIAOCEHUI,XIANGYONGHUTIGONGSANWEIZUOBIAO、DAOHANGFUWUDENGSHEHUIHUAFUWUCHENGGUOZHUANHUA。

  1 GPSCEHUIJISHUZAIGONGCHENGCEHUIZHONGDEZUOYONG

  1.1 GPSZAIGEXINGGEYEZHONGDEYINGYONG

  GPSCEHUIJISHUGAINIANGUANGFAN,BINGBUSHITEZHIYIGELINGYUDEJISHUXINGTAI,QINEIRONGZHUYAOZHIQUANQIUDINGWEIXITONGZONGHE,YIWEIXINGWEIGENBEN、JISHUWEISHOUDUAN,DUIYIGEWUTIJINXINGQUANMIANDEGENZONG,QUEBAOWUTIDINGWEIJINGZHUN,TEBIESHIYUNXINGZHONGDEMUBIAOGENZONG,NENGGOUQUEBAOKUAISUJISHI,SHIXIANLEYUNDONGMUBIAOSANWEIWEIZHIHESUDUQUANMIANCHENGXIANDEMUDE,CONGJINGZHUNDUSHANGKAN,XIANSHIJINGDUFEICHANGGAO,GPSBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGDAOGEXINGGEYE,TEBIESHIDANGQIANDITUCEHUI、DILIXINXI、SHIZHENGGONGCHENG、DIZHENYUCE、DIQIUWAIQIAOJIBIANDENGCEHUIGONGZUO,JUNFAHUIZHEJIQIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YOUXIAOFUWULEGEXINGGEYEDEFAZHAN。

  1.2 GPSZAIGONGCHENGJIANSHEZHONGDEYINGYONG

  GPSJISHUQUANMIANYINGYONGDAOGELEIGONGCHENGJIANSHEZHONG,DUIGONGCHENGCEHUIQIDAOLEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,SHISHOUJIDAODESHUJUGENGJIAZHUNQUE,GPSGUANGFANYINGYONG,JIDADETIGAOLEGONGCHENGCEHUIDEZHILIANG,NENGGOUJISHIZHUNQUEDEWEIGONGCHENGJIANSHETIGONGJINGZHUNMONITUXING。ZAISHIJICEHUIZUOYEZHONG,LIYONGGPSCEHUIJISHUDUIMUBIAOZUODAOJIAOHUDINGWEI,CONGSANWEIKONGJIANCHENGXIANWUTIZHUANGTAI,QUEBAOLESHIWUCEHUISHUJUJIEGUODEJINGZHUN,YIGENGJIAZHIGUANYOUXIAODESHUJU,MIAOHUICHUSHIWUDEJIBENTEZHENG。GPSCEHUIJISHUCONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANLECHUANTONGDECEHUISHOUDUAN,JINGQUEDESHUZIMONICHENGXINGDADATIGAOGONGCHENGGUIHUAYUJIANSHESUDUZHILIANG,SHIGONGCHENGDEJIANSHEGENGJIAKEXUEHELI,QUEBAOSHIGONGGUOCHENGDEANQUAN,LIYONGGPSJISHUJIANSHAOLERENLIDETOURU,YOUXIAOJIANSHAOGONGCHENGCEHUIQIANGDU,GPSHAINENGGOUJISHIFAXIANWENTI,WEIHOUQIXIUZHENGYUKEZHIXINGTIGONGLIANGHAODEJICHU。

  1.3 GPSZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAYUJIANSHEZHONGDEYINGYONG

  CHENGSHIDEJIANSHEYUGUIHUAXUYAOKEXUEHELI,TONGGUOYOUXIAODEGUIHUASHEJI,SHICHENGSHIGONGNENGGENGJIAQIQUAN,CHENGSHIJIANSHELIBUKAIGPSCEHUIJISHU。ZAIWOGUOCHENGSHIJIANSHESUDUBUDUANJIAKUAIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYIXIECHENGSHIGUIHUASHEJIDEBINGBUKEXUE,WEIBEILERENYUZIRANDEGUILV,SHENGTAIHUANJINGSHOUDAOPOHUAI,ERTONGGUOGPSJISHUCEHUI,NENGGOUDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGJINXINGKANCE,JIEJUEHAOSHENGTAIWENTI,TONGGUODUICHENGSHIFAZHANQINGKUANGDEZONGHEZHANGWO,DUICHENGSHIGONGNENGJINXINGKEXUEDEDINGWEIYUGUIHUA,SHICHENGSHISHEJIGENGJIAFUHERENYUZIRANHEXIEXIANGCHUDEMUBIAO,TUOZHANCHENGSHIGONGNENG, GPSJISHUZAICHENGSHIJIANSHEZHONGFAHUIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。ZAICHENGSHIJIANSHEGUIHUAZHONG,GPSZHUYAOTONGGUODUIHUANJING、JIANSHEDENGDEGAOZHILIANGGENZONGDIAOCHA,XINGCHENGCHENGSHIKONGZHIWANG,BUDUANTUIDONGCHENGSHIFAZHANJIANSHE。   2 GPSCELIANGJISHUTEDIAN

  2.1 JISHIDINGWEI

   GPSJISHUNENGGOUSHIXIANQUANQIUDINGWEI,DUIRENHEYIGEWUTIJINXINGSHISHIDEGENZONG,YIYINGJIANXITONGWEIJICHU,BAOZHENGLEDUIWUTISUISHIDINGWEIDEGONGNENG,NENGGOUQUEBAODUIMUBIAODEJINGZHUNWEIZHIRENDING,RANHOU,TONGGUOGPSXIANXIANGSHEBEIZHIGUANTIXIANWUTIDEJINGWEIDUHEYUNDONGSUDU。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,WOMENSUOSHUODEQUANQIUDINGWEIJIUSHIZHEIYANGDEYIZHONGGONGNENGCHENGXIAN,TONGGUOYINGJIANZHICHENGHERUANJIANGUANLI,WEIRENMENCHUXINGZHIDAOZHENGQUEDEFANGXIANG,SHIYUNDONGDEZAITISUDUYUFANGWEIDEDAOQUANMIANDEQUEREN。GENJUDAOHANGXITONGDESHEJI,SHIRENMENYUNDONGDEJINGQUEDUGENGGAO,GPSDINGWEIXITONGBUSHOUTIANQI、FANGWEI、HUANJINGYINGXIANG,NENGGOUDADAOQUANTIANTIANHOU、QUANFANGWEIJINGQUEDINGWEI,WEIRENMENDEGENGHAOCHUXINGTIGONGLIANGHAOBAOZHANG。

  2.2 DINGWEIJINGDUGAO

   GPSXITONGDINGWEIJINGDUGAO,ZAISHIJIGENZONGDINGWEIZHONG,NENGGOUYISHIYANXUNIHESHIJIQINGKUANGDIEJIAWEISUANFA,QUANMIANZHENSHIDESHUJULIANJIE,BAOZHENGLECEHUIDEJINGDUYAOQIU。ZAIGONGCHENGCEHUIYINGYONGZHONG,BUCHAO50kmDEJIXIANSHANG,CAIYONGZAIBOXIANGWEIGUANCELIANGSHISHIJINGTAIXIANGDUIDINGWEI,XIANGDUIDINGWEIJINGDUDADAO1×10-6ZHI2×10-6,ZAI100kmZHI500kmJIXIAN,NENGDADAO10-6ZHI10-7JINGDU。SUIZHEJISHUDEQUANMIANCHUANGXINYUYINGYONGDETUIGUANG,GPSZAIWEILAIDEFAZHANZHONG,NENGGOUGENGJIACHENGSHUWANSHAN,CELIANGDEJINGDUJIANGHUIYUELAIYUEGAO,QUANMIANMANZUGEZHONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEXUYAO。

  2.3 SHUJUSHENGCHENGSHIJIANDUAN

   GONGCHENGCEHUIXUYAOYOUSHIJIANSHANGDEBAOZHENG,ZHEIYANGCAINENGMANZUGONGCHENGJINDUXUYAO,WANCHENGHETONGYUEDING。GUANCE20kmNEIJIXIANXUYAODESHIJIANDUAN,CHUANTONGCEHUISHIRENGONGCEHUI,RONGYICHUXIANWUCHAYUBUZU,YINGXIANGDAOSHUJUDEKEYONGXING,DANSHITONGGUOSHIYONGGPSCELIANGJISHU,JIUNENGGOUZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGTIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV,QUANMIANTIGAOLEJINGTAI、DONGTAIDEDINGWEICELIANGSUDU,JIANSHAOLESHIJIAN,YIBANDECELIANGZAI5FENZHONGNEIJIUNENGWANCHENG,ERXIANGDUIJIANBIANDESHUJUSHENGCHENG,ZEHUIZAIDUANDUANDEJIMIAOZHONGNEINENGWANCHENG。

  2.4 GONGNENGDUO

   GPSJISHUGONGNENGJIAOQUANMIAN,ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,NENGGOUKAIFACHUGEZHONGGEYANGDEGONGNENG,ANZHAOPINLVDEBUTONG,NENGGOUDUIMUBIAOJINXINGSUODINGCHULI,SHIXIANGONGNENGTUOZHANXUQIU。GPSDUOGONGNENG、DUOYONGTUDETEDIANSHIGPSCELIANGJISHUSHIXIANLEGENGJIAGUANGFANDEYINGYONG,ZAIGEXINGGEYEZHONGJUNYOUZHEGPSSHENYING。

  2.5 SHIXIANLEQUANMIANHUDONG

   GPSCELIANGGUANCHAYOUZHEJIAODAFANWEIDESHIJIAO,NENGGOUDUI15°YISHANGDEKONGJIANXINGCHENGKAIKUOXINGCEHUI,BAOZHENGLEGUANCEZHANZHIJIANNENGGOUHUTONG、HUSHI,YINGJIANJICHUDEWEIXINGJUBEIDUIJIEGONGNENG,ZEJIUHUIXINGCHENGGPSZHIJIANDEHUDONG,QUEBAOLECEHUIDEPINZHI。

  2.6 CAOZUOJIANBIAN

   GPSCELIANGJISHUZHENGTICAOZUOJIANDAN,BINGBUXUYAOZHUANYEDEZHISHIZHICHENG,JIUNENGGOUQUANMIANJINXINGCAOZUO,QIYITIHUA、ZIDONGHUACHENGDUJIAOGAO,ZHEIZHONGJISHUXINGTAIDEYINGYONG,YEZAISHIJIANZHONGTUIDONGLEZHINENGHUAJINCHENG,YIZIDONGHUACAOZUO、ZHINENGHUAGUANLI,QUEBAOLECELIANGXIAOGUO。GPSCAOZUOBUXUYAOGUODUORENYUANDECANYU,JIANDANDESHEBEIJIUNENGGOUSHIXIANDUIWEIXINGXINHAODEBUZHUO、GENZONGGUANCHA,QUEBAOLEDINGWEIHECELIANGDEJINGZHUNDU。DUISHOUJIDAODESHUJUJINXINGWANGLUOCHUANSONG,JINRUZHONGDUANSHEBEI,GENJUFUWUQIRUANJIANZHILINGJINXINGFENXI,SHIRONGZAGONGZUOGENGJIAJIANHUA。

  3 GPSCELIANGJISHUZAIGONGCHENGCEHUIZHONGDEYINGYONG

  3.1 ZAIJINGMIGONGCHENGCELIANGZHONGDEYINGYONG

   GONGCHENGJIANSHEXUYAOLIANGHAODESHUJUZHICHENG,ZHIYOUBAOZHENGCEHUIDESHUJUJINGQUE,CAINENGJIANSHECHUGAOZHILIANGDEJIANZHUWU,BAOZHENGANQUANYEWENDING,GPSWEIJIANSHEGAOBIAOZHUNGONGCHENGXIANGMUTIGONGBAOZHANG,GPSJISHUZAIJINGMIGONGCHENGCELIANGZHONGFAHUIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。GONGCHENGJIANSHEGUOCHENGSHEJIDAOJINGMIGONGCHENGKANCHA,XUYAOTONGGUOJINGZHUNDESHUJUDUIXIANCHANGJINXINGSHEJI、SHIGONG,SUOYISHUO,LIANGHAODESHUJUZHICHISHIGONGCHENGJINGXIHUADEBAOZHENG。DAXINGQIAOLIANG、SUIDAOGONGCHENG,XUYAOJINGXIDESHUJUZHICHI,CAINENGZONGHESHEJIYUSHIGONG,TONGGUOGPSHUOQUDESHUJUWANCHENGNENGGOUMANZUGONGCHENGJIANSHEXUYAO,BAOZHENGLESHIGONGPINZHI。

  3.2 ZAICHENGSHIJIANSHEZHONGDEYINGYONG

   CHENGSHIKAIFAYUJIANSHEXUYAODUIDAMIANJIQUYUJINXINGCEHUI,TONGGUOZHENGTIGUIHUASHEJI,SHICHENGSHIFAZHANGENGJIAHELI,YAOQUANMIANZUOHAOTONGCHOU,ZEXUYAOLIYONGGPSZUOHAOCHENGSHIDEQUYUSHUJUZHENGLI,BAOZHENGCHENGSHIFAZHANFUHERENXINGHUA、MANZUSHENGHUOXUQIU、QUEBAOZIRANSHENGTAIBAOHU。TONGGUOGPSJISHUDEHELIYINGYONG,SHICEHUIGENGJIAJINGZHUN,QUANMIANTIGAOLECHENGSHIFAZHANSUDU,QUEBAOLECHENGSHIGONGNENGDINGWEIDEHELI,YOUXIAOMANZUCHENGSHIRENMENZAIGONGZUOSHENGHUOZHONGDEGEZHONGXUYAO。

  3.3 GONGCHENGBIANXINGJIANCEZHONGDEYINGYONG

   DUIYUYIXIEZAIJIANHUOZHEKUOJIANGONGCHENG,XUYAOQUANMIANZUOHAOJIANCE,BIMIANCHUXIANBIANXING,YINGXIANGJIANSHESHIGONGANQUAN。NEIME,ZAIGELEIGONGCHENGJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZEXUYAOJISHIZUOHAOYUFANGKONGZHI,RUGUOKONGZHIBULI,JIUHUIDAOZHIANQUANWENTI,ZAOCHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG。GONGCHENGJIANSHEGUOCHENGJIAOFUZA,HUISHOUDAODIXINGBIANXING、HUANJINGGAIBIANDEYINGXIANG,GONGCHENGWANGWANGHUICHUXIANBIANXINGDEWENTI,ZHENDUIGONGCHENGBIANXINGXIANXIANG,XUYAOLIYONGGPSJISHUZUOHAOXIUZHENG,YOUXIAOBIMIANYINRENWEIYINSU、DIQIAOBIANHUA、JIANZHUWEIYIDENGYINSUCHANSHENGDEBIANXING,ERGPSCELIANGJISHUTONGGUOSANWEIDINGWEIGAOJINGDUCELIANG,JIUNENGGOUDUIJIANZHUWUJINXINGQUANMIANDEGENZONG,JIANCEZHUDUOBIANXINGQINGKUANG,JISHIFAXIANWENTI,JIEJUEWENTI,DUIJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDEWEIXIANQINGKUANGQUANMIANZUOHAOKONGZHI,QUEBAOSHIGONGRENYUANANQUAN。

  4 JIESHUYU

   JISHUDEBUDUANWANSHANYUFAZHAN,JIDADEGAIBIANLERENMENDESHENGCHANSHENGHUO,GPSZAIGEGELINGYUYOUGUANGFANYINGYONG,WEIRENMENGONGZUOSHENGHUOTIGONGGENGDUODEBIANLI,GENGDUIXINGYEFAZHANQIDAOLETUIDONGZUOYONG,ZAIGONGCHENGCEHUIGONGZUOZHONGYESHIXIANLEQUANXINGEMING,TONGGUOLIANGHAODEGONGCHENGCEHUI,WEIGONGCHENGJIANSHETIGONGZHENSHI、ZHUNQUE、KEKAOSHUJU,QUANMIANFUWUYUGONGCHENGJIANSHEGEGEFANGMIAN,GPSJISHUDUIZHENGGEGONGCHENGCEHUILINGYUKAITUOLEXINFAZHANKONGJIAN。

 

 

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